Does a person who holds a national visa valid for 1 year and issued by Poland have the right to exit Poland and enter another Schengen country?
Holders of national visas marked with the symbol D can move around the Schengen Area for a period of up to 90 days within a 180 days period if they meet the following conditions of entry into Schengen Area states:
- possess a valid travel document;
- carry insurance for the entire period of the intended stay, valid in the Schengen area;
- justify the purpose and conditions of the intended stay and have sufficient funds for subsistence, both during their intended stay and for a return to their country of origin or transit to a third country to which they are certain to be admitted, or are in a position to legally acquire such means;
- their personal data are not located in the Schengen Information System for the purposes of refusing entry;
- They are not considered to be a threat to public order, national security or international relations.
How is the length of stay of a person holding a Polish national visa or a residence permit in a Schengen country other than Poland checked?
A person holding a national visa or a residence permit may stay in other countries of the Schengen Area for up to 90 days within a period of 180 days from the date of first entry (under certain conditions exceptions to this rule may apply to holders of a residence permit for long-term EU residents).
Due to the fact that border controls in the Schengen Area for people crossing the borders between the Member States of the Schengen Area have been abolished, there is no specific procedure for checking the length of the stay of people traveling by car or bus within the Schengen Area. When traveling by plane, entry and exit dates can be checked as the data of the traveller is entered into the border control system at the airport.
It should be remembered that people exceeding the 90-days allowed period of stay do so entirely at their own risk. Remaining in a Schengen Area country (other than the one that issued an alien with a national visa or a temporary residence card) after the permitted period of stay (90 days within 180 days from the date of first entry) could be the basis for a decision to expel the alien from the territory of that country and impose a ban on entry into the Schengen Area.
Can a holder of a residence permit in Poland travel to the UK?
No, they cannot, because the United Kingdom does not belong to the Schengen Area.
What are the minimum financial resources a foreigner entering Poland is required to possess?
Information on the financial resources required and minimum amounts that a foreigner entering Poland is obliged to posses can be found here ->
How soon after the expiry of a visa may a foreigner apply for a new visa?
A visa application must be submitted not earlier than 3 months before the beginning of a planned trip.
A person with a multiple-entry visa valid for a period of at least 6 months may apply for a new visa before the expiry of the visa currently held. The validity of a new visa, however, must begin no earlier than on the date of expiry of the previous visa – it is not permissible to hold two visas at the same time (for example, if the old visa is valid until August 15, the new visa may be valid not earlier than from August 16).
Is it possible to extend a student visa for another year?
No, it is not possible. In Poland, a visa can be extended only in strictly defined exceptional circumstances. However, if you are a student, you can apply for a temporary residence card. Documents for a residence card must be submitted during the student’s legal stay in Poland.
How can I extend a work visa in Poland?
A visa can be extended only in strictly defined exceptional circumstances. More information on renewal of national and Schengen visas can be found here ->
Foreigners employed legally may apply for a temporary work and residence permit.
My husband is Polish. My residence card has expired. Should my husband send me an invitation before I can apply for a visa for Poland?
If the validity of your temporary residence card has expired, and you left Poland before the end of the card’s validity, you can apply for a visa at a consulate of the Republic of Poland on the basis of an invitation issued by a Polish citizen (in this case – your husband). After receiving a visa and arriving in Poland, you can apply for a temporary residence permit that can be granted to a foreigner who is married to a Polish citizen.
I am Ukrainian. I live in Poland. My husband has been officially working in the UK for several years. Do I have the right to move permanently to the UK? If so, what documents should I have?
The United Kingdom does not belong to the Schengen Area, so in order to move there, you must obtain a visa. The procedure of applying for a visa to the UK can be found on the website of the Consulate of the United Kingdom in Poland.
You may apply for a visa to the UK both from Poland and from Ukraine.
I have a residence card. Does this entitle my son to any benefits associated with organizing his arrival in Poland?
In order to come to Poland, your son should have a visa or other document authorizing him to cross the border (such as a residence card). If you have a permit to settle, a long-term EU resident permit, or you have been living in Poland legally and continuously for at least 5 years, you may issue an invitation to your son to come to Poland. On the basis of this invitation, your son can apply for a visa in his country of origin.
Must a person invite a foreigner to Poland to have a bank account?
A person who invites a foreigner to Poland does not need to have a bank account but must provide evidence of capacity to cover the costs associated with the stay of the foreigner in Poland. This could be a bank statement confirming adequate financial means, but also, for example, a contract of employment with information about the salary earned.
Do foreigners arriving in Poland with a visa have to register their stay at any office in Poland?
Foreigners arriving in Poland do not have to register their stay at any office.
However, if a foreigner is staying in Poland for more than 3 days, he has to register his residence in compliance with the registration obligation – what is registration? -> The registration obligation can be performed at the Municipal or Commune Administration Office.
My acquaintance is planning to apply for a visa to Poland. What visa should he apply for – a national visa or a Schengen visa?
The Schengen visa differs from the national visa only in the period of stay in Poland for which it is issued. A Schengen visa is issued to a foreigner who intends to reside in Poland for up to 90 days, whereas a national visa entitles the holder to entry and continuous stay in Poland or several consecutive stays which in total exceed three months. Both the national visa and the Schengen visa authorize a foreigner to travel to Schengen Area countries for up to 90 days in a 180 days period for tourist purposes only if the foreigner meets the following conditions required for entering the Schengen Area countries:
- holds a valid travel document;
- holds an insurance policy which covers the entire period of the intended stay in the Schengen Area;
- can justify the purpose and conditions of the intended stay and has sufficient funds for maintenance, both during the intended stay and for the return to the country of residence or for transit to a third country to which this person is guaranteed to be admitted, or is able to legally acquire such means;
- his data are not available in the Schengen Information System for the purpose of the refusal of admission;
- He is not found to be a person likely to threaten public order or the security of international relations.
I would like to invite an acquaintance to Poland and I would like to obtain an invitation for him valid for one month. Can he obtain a visa on the basis of my invitation, but for a period exceeding one month?
In the case of registration of an invitation to Poland for 1 month, it is highly probable that a visa will also be issued for 1 month. A visa may not be issued for a longer period than the period for which an invitation is registered. This is mainly due to the fact that the inviting person bears the costs of a foreigner’s stay in Poland (accommodation, medical treatment, and return to the country of origin) only during the period for which the foreigner has been invited. In case the foreigner is invited for a longer period than 1 month, then the inviting person will have to prove the financial capacity to cover the costs of the foreigner’s long stay in Poland (at least PLN 75 for each day of the foreigner’s intended stay in Poland).
My visa expires in 20 days. I have no possibility to return to my home country and file an application for a new visa at the consulate. Can I obtain a national visa in Poland?
As a rule, visas are obtained at Polish consulates. It is possible to extend a visa in Poland only in extraordinary circumstances, e.g. in case of a severe illness that makes it impossible to leave during the visa’s validity period. Thus, if your visa will remain valid for another 20 days, in order to be entitled to stay in Poland after it expires you have to leave Poland and apply for a new visa at a Polish consulate.
During your legal stay in Poland (i.e. in the next 20 days) you can also file documents in Poland at the Voivode ship Office for your place of residence to apply for a temporary residence permit. If the application for a temporary residence permit does not contain formal defects or formal defects are completed on time, the voivode ship office will stamp your passport on the basis of which you will be able to stay in Poland and wait for a decision on the residence card (even after expiration of visa).
What is the maximum length of the period for which an invitation to Poland can be issued to a foreigner?
An invitation to Poland may be issued for a maximum period of 1 year. However, an invitation issued for the period of 1 year does not guarantee that a foreigner will receive a visa for the same period as the period for which the invitation was issued. The decision on the period of validity of a visa is taken by the consul, who takes into account all of the presented circumstances justifying the length of stay in Poland.
The validity period of a visa cannot exceed the period for which the invitation was issued. It can only be the same or shorter. This is due to the fact that the person issuing the invitation is obliged to cover the costs of the foreigner’s residence during their stay in Poland and the costs of the return journey to their home country or country of residence during the validity period of the invitation.
If the invitation is issued for a period exceeding 3 months, then the foreigner should apply for a Polish national visa, while if the period is shorter than 3 months – for a Schengen visa. Holding either a national visa or a Schengen visa, a foreigner is entitled to travel to other countries in the Schengen Area for up to three months during each six-month period for tourism-related purposes.
If I have a Polish national visa with the number of entries given as 01, can I travel to other countries in the Schengen Area on the basis of my visa?
The number of entries on the visa refers to the number of entries to the Schengen Area. If you have a national visa or a Schengen visa with the number of entries given as 01, this means that you can enter the Schengen Area only 1 time, i.e. you may enter Poland and travel to other countries in the Schengen Area without leaving it. If you leave the Schengen Area, then you will not be able to enter Poland or another country in the Schengen Area for a second time under the same visa.
A national visa or a Schengen visa with the number of entries given as MULTI means that you have an unlimited number of entries to the Schengen Area during the validity period of the visa at your disposal.
I live in Poland and I have a Pole's Card. Can I issue an invitation to Poland for my father?
In this situation, the possibility to issue an invitation depends on the duration of your current stay in Poland. An invitation to Poland may only be issued by a foreigner who has a permanent residence permit in Poland or foreign nationals who have resided in Poland continuously and legally for at least 5 years. This means that if you’re legal, uninterrupted stay in Poland has lasted for at least 5 years (what is uninterrupted stay? ->) (for example, pursuant to visas issued on the basis of a Pole’s Card) then you can issue an invitation to Poland for your father. However, if you have been in Poland for a period shorter than 5 years, you cannot issue such an invitation. Holders of a Pole’s Card are not entitled to any additional privileges in respect of obtaining invitations.
What is the difference between the permit to settle and the long-term EU resident permit?
There are two types of permanent residence cards in Poland:
- a permanent residence permit and
- a long-term resident’s EU residence permit.
Both types of cards give, in principle, the same rights, they differ only in the criteria that are required to obtain them.
1) Permanent residence permit
A permanent residence permit may, inter alia, obtain a foreigner who:
• is a person of Polish descent and intends to settle in Poland permanently,
• remains in the Polish marriage recognized by Polish law for at least 3 years prior to applying for a permanent residence permit and has lived in Poland for at least 2 years for a minimum of 2 years on the basis of a temporary residence permit issued on the basis of marriages with a Polish citizen or on the basis of obtaining a refugee status, subsidiary protection or a residence permit for humanitarian reasons,• immediately before submitting an application for a permanent residence permit, he lived in Poland for a continuous period of not less than 5 years on the basis of refugee status, subsidiary protection or residence permit for humanitarian reasons.
2) Long-term EU residence permit
A foreigner who is allowed to stay in a long-term resident of the EU may:
• has been in Poland legally and continuously for at least 5 years;
• has a stable and regular source of income during the 3 years of residence in Poland immediately before submitting the application;
• has health insurance;
• has a guaranteed right to the premises;
• present a document confirming the possession of a temporary registration or a certificate confirming that it is not possible to obtain such a registration.
Foreigners who have a permanent residence permit and a long term EU residence permit have similar rights in Poland. Therefore, having one type of permit, generally, there is no need to change it to another.
Both types of permits are issued for an indefinite period (unlimited period). However, the period of validity of the document confirming the received permit differs (stay cards). A residence card issued for obtaining a permanent residence permit is valid for 10 years from the date of its issue, while a residence card issued for obtaining a long-term EU residence permit – 5 years. Changing the card is just a formality.
Both on the basis of a permanent residence permit and a long-term EU residence permit issued in Poland, a foreigner has no right to take up employment in a country other than Poland. Both permits entitle them to travel to other Schengen countries within 90 days during the next 180 days.
How much does one day of stay in Poland cost? How many funds should one have for one week of stay in Poland?
Information about the number of funds a foreigner entering Poland should have can be found here ->
My fiancé has a Pole's Card. He intends to apply for a Polish residence permit. When should he make his application: before or after the wedding? Do I have the right to apply for a temporary residence card?
From the information given is not clear whether your fiancé is already residing in Poland (and if so, what is the basis of his stay), or whether he remains abroad. In general, the migration path should go like this:
If your fiancé is a holder of a Pole’s Card and remains outside Poland, he should apply for a visa – more information on visas can be found here ->
if your fiancé obtains a permit to settle, you can apply for a temporary residence permit in order to unite with the family. However, the condition for obtaining such a card is you being married (thus, in order to obtain the card you have to get married, otherwise you are not eligible to obtain the permit for this purpose).
I lost my residence card. What should I do?
A foreigner who has lost a residence permit is required to notify the Voivode who issued it within 3 days of the date of the loss.
If you find the previously lost residence card, you are required to notify the Voivode of this fact and to return the found card within 3 days if a new one has already been issued to replace the lost one.
Fee for a new residence card:
– For replacement of a residence card in case of its loss or destruction for which the foreigner is at fault – 150 PLN.
Can a residence permit in Poland be renewed automatically?
There are three types of permits:
– Temporary residence permit
– permit to settle
– EU long-term resident residence permit
a temporary residence permit is issued for a maximum of 3 years and cannot be renewed automatically. Thus, you should apply for a new permit before your current permit expires. The period of validity of the permit to settle in 10 years. The period of validity of the EU long-term resident residence permit is 5 years. After this time, the foreigner is required to replace their residence card with a new one, but the completion of the procedures necessary to obtain a particular authorization (residence permit type) is not required – you need only to replace the document itself.
I have a permit to settle in Poland. Is my child entitled to some privileges (such as receiving a visa or temporary residence permit) in Poland?
If your child is a minor, there are grounds to apply for a residence card for the child’s stay in Poland. If your child is an adult, however, there is no such right.
If your child is a minor and is in Poland in order to be reunited with family, your child may obtain a residence permit for a fixed period of time.
If your child is an adult and is abroad, you can issue an invitation to visit Poland. With this invitation, your child will have the right to apply for a visa in the country of origin. The purpose of issuing such a visa will be for facilitating “a visit”. If your child wishes after arrival to stay in Poland, for example, to study or to work, then before the visa expires your child will be required to apply for a temporary residence card. The required documents for such a card will vary depending on the reason for it being issued.
Must foreigners holding a Pole's Card register their residence in Poland?
Every foreigner in Poland is required to register his/her residence. This obligation applies to all foreigners, regardless of the basis of their residence in Poland. The registration obligation arises no later than on the fourth day, counting from the moment of crossing the Polish border. The residence is registered at the municipal/commune administrative office with jurisdiction over the place of residence. The applicant receives a document confirming the residence registration without delay. The document is valid until the expiry of the registration period in case of registration for a specified period. The registration period will not be longer than the validity date of the residence document. This means that foreigners holding a Polish visa for one year issued on the basis of a Pole’s Card may register their residence for one year at the longest.
Documents required for residence registration:
1) A completed and signed form (the form is available in the municipal/ commune administrative office)
2) An identity card (in this case a foreign passport of a holder of a valid visa is required)
3) A document confirming legal title to premises: an apartment rental agreement, a judicial ruling or another document confirming legal title to premises.
I am residing in Poland without a valid visa or residence card. I would like to go back to my country of origin, but I am afraid I won’t be able to come back to Poland. What can I do?
If a foreigner is staying in Poland without residence documents (without a visa or a residence card), it will be difficult to legalize his stay. Generally, a foreigner unlawfully residing in Poland may submit an application for a temporary residence permit if his extraordinary personal situation requires his presence in Poland.
When a foreigner who does not have the right to legal residence leaves Poland, at the border he will receive a decision obliging him to leave the territory of Poland and a prohibition from entering Poland for a specified period. If the decision obliging him to leave Poland is carried out within the time-limit, the foreigner may apply to the institution which issued the decision with a request for removal of his data from the list of undesirable persons in Poland.
A foreigner who is residing in Poland without the required documents may also wish to know more about the Voluntary Return Program of the International Organization for Migration (IOM). More information on the program is available here ->
I have the Pole’s Card. Can I obtain a temporary residence card on these grounds?
The Pole’s Card is not a basis for applying for temporary residence in Poland. To obtain a permit for temporary residence in Poland, a foreigner must provide evidence of the legitimacy of his stay in Poland. Such reasons could be work, university studies or staying with one’s family, along with other reasons.
However, the holder of a Pole’s Card may apply for permanent residence in Poland (settlement permit). More information is available here
For how long should I possess a registered residence in Poland to be granted a temporary residence permit?
A foreigner can register his residence in Poland provided that he holds a valid visa or a residence card, passport, and an apartment rental agreement. To register one’s residence in Poland one should go to the municipal/commune administrative office which has jurisdiction over his place of residence. For the purpose of obtaining a residence card, a temporary residence registration is sufficient. If a foreigner is staying in Poland on the basis of a visa, he may register his residence in Poland for not longer than the entire period of his visa’s validity (provided that he has a valid apartment rental agreement during this period).
I have submitted an application for a residence permit. Can I check the status of my case? If yes, how?
To find out whether a decision on granting a residence permit has been issued, please contact the provincial administrative office where the application for a residence card was submitted. A time-limit for issuing the decision is placed on the document confirming submission of the application for a residence permit. The case should be resolved within one month. This procedure may, however, be extended. If the provincial administrative office does not resolve the matter within the time limit, it is obliged to notify the foreigner of this fact, giving reasons for the delay and indicating the new time-limit within which the case will be resolved.
Do I have to have a residence registration in Poland? What can I do in case the owner of an apartment refuses to register me?
Every foreigner who stays in Poland for more than 3 days must be registered. If a foreigner rents an apartment and has signed a lease agreement, he may register himself without the apartment’s owner in the municipal or commune administrative office. A foreigner who has the right to temporary residence in Poland (such as a visa or a temporary residence permit) can register for not longer than the entire period of the visa’s validity (or for the length of his stay in Poland on the basis of a visa) or the validity period of a temporary residence permit (provided that during this period a foreigner has a valid apartment lease agreement). If a foreigner, for example, has a residence permit for a specified period issued for 2 years, and a lease agreement is signed for one year, then the maximum period for which a foreigner may register his residence in Poland is one year. To register one’s residence one needs to submit a completed and signed residence registration form (the form is available at the municipal/commune administrative office), apartment rental agreement, a valid visa or other residence document and a passport.
Can I apply for a Pole’s Card in Poland?
In accordance with current regulations, the ordinance may be designated by the competent Voivode to receive applications for the Card of Pole. Also in such a regulation, the country of origin of people who can take advantage of this regulation is indicated.
As of 02 November 2017, people from Belarus can take advantage of this regulation in the Voivode of Podlasie as regards the award of the Card of Pole.
I am a Polish national married to a foreigner. How can we legalize my spouse's stay in Poland?
In order to be able to legalize a foreigner’s residence in Poland on the basis of marriage, the marriage has to be registered at the Civil Registry Office in Poland (Urząd Stanu Cywilnego). Afterward, your spouse may apply for a temporary residence permit based on marriage at the Department of Foreigners of the provincial administration office. The procedure for applying for a temporary residence permit lasts about 2 months, although it may be extended. During the application procedure, Polish authorities verify the authenticity of the marriage, i.e. whether it was performed in order to get around legal regulations. The procedure includes summoning the spouses to the office, where they answer questions concerning their marriage. The first residence permit for a fixed period is granted for a period of 1 year.
My husband resides in Poland based on a temporary residence permit based on marriage. Can he work in Poland and in the other EU Member States?
If your husband resides in Poland with a temporary residence permit based on marriage, he may work in Poland on the same terms as Polish citizens, i.e. without a work permit, throughout the period of validity of the residence permit.
A temporary residence permit entitles the holder to leave for other countries in the Schengen Area for a period of up to 3 months during a six-month period for tourism purposes only. A temporary residence permit in Poland does not entitle the holder to undertake work in any other country in the Schengen Area. In order to be able to work in other countries, your husband has to apply for a work permit in the country where he wishes to start work.
It is worth remembering that the Schengen Area does not overlap with the territory of the EU.
The data on my residence card has changed (I have changed my registered place of residence). How much time do I have to exchange the card?
A foreigner is obliged to submit an application for replacement of a residence card within 14 days after the occurrence of premises to exchange it, e.g. Change of the place of residence.
A foreigner who has not fulfilled the obligation to exchange a residence card may be – for example – obliged to pay a fine.
I have a long-term permit for EU residents. My card will expire soon. When should I apply for a new card?
The decision on granting a long-term EU residence permit is issued for an indefinite period. However, the residence card remains valid for 5 years, which means that it should be renewed every 5 years. This is just a formality and it does not require starting the whole procedure of granting the permit from the beginning. There is no specified period during which one should apply for a new residence card. This can be done even on the last day of validity of the card, although it is worth remembering that the new card will be issued approximately one month later. During the period of waiting for the new card, the document confirming the legality of your stay in Poland will be the decision of the Voivode granting you a long-term permit for EU residence. The decision will not entitle you to travel in the Schengen Area, and if you want to leave to your home country, you will be able to do so, but you will not be able to return to Poland. You will also be obliged to present the decision of the Voivode in the event of an inspection verifying the legality of your stay in Poland. Due to the difficulties mentioned above, we recommend that you apply for the renewal of your residence card no later a month before the expiry of your current card.
Does a foreign national who is an EU citizen staying in Poland have to obtain a residence card in Poland?
EU citizens do not have to have a visa or a residence card in Poland. EU citizens who are staying in Poland for a period exceeding 3 months should only register their stay in Poland. An application for the registration of stay is filed at the Voivode for the place of residence of the EU citizen, in person, not later than 3 months after entry into Poland. EU citizens who fail to comply with the duty to register their stay may be charged with a fine.
EU citizens may register their stay in Poland if they meet one of the following conditions:
- they are employed or self-employed in Poland;
- they are subject to universal health insurance or they are entitled to receive healthcare benefits and possess sufficient financial means to sustain themselves and the members of their family in Poland so that they do not constitute a burden on social services;
- they study or participate in vocational training in Poland, provided that they are insured in Poland and that they have sufficient financial means to sustain themselves and members of their family in Poland so that they do not constitute a burden on social services;
- They are married to a Polish citizen.
The application for registering the stay is completed in Polish.
The application for registering the stay should include the following attachments:
- in the case of employees:
a. written statement of the employer or another entity stating the intention to entrust the foreigner with work;
b. a statement confirming the performance of work,
2. in the case of self-employed individuals: a. an excerpt from the National Court Register if entry into such register is required under separate regulations; or
b. a certificate confirming the entry in the register of economic activity,
3. in the case of students or individuals participating in vocational training:
a. a certificate issued by the school stating that the person has been enrolled in a study programme or a referral to a vocational training programme,
b. a document confirming the right to healthcare benefits,
c. a written statement confirming the possession of sufficient financial means to sustain the individual in question and members of their family in Poland, without the need to receive social security benefits, or proof confirming the possession thereof,
4. in the case of individuals married to Polish citizens – a document confirming the marriage with a Polish citizen,
5. in other cases:
a. a document confirming the right to healthcare benefits,
b. evidence confirming the possession of sufficient financial means to sustain the individual in question and members of their family in Poland, without the need to receive social security benefits.
Evidence confirming the possession of sufficient financial means to sustain the individual in question and members of their family in Poland without the need to receive social security benefits may include:
- a credit card;
- A declaration of the possession of financial resources, confirmed by the signature and stamp of an authorized employee of a bank or other financial institution, issued not later than one month prior to the filing of the application for registering the stay.
EU citizens are also obliged to present a valid travel document or another document confirming their identity and citizenship.
When collecting the certificate of registration of the stay of an EU citizen, it is required to present a valid travel document (passport) or another document confirming identity and citizenship, and if the certificate is collected by an attorney of the applicant, the power of attorney granting them the right to collect the certificate must be presented.
After 5 years of stay in Poland, EU citizens may apply for permanent residence in Poland.
I am staying in Poland without a valid visa or a valid residence card. Can I legalize my stay in Poland basing on the fact that I work here?
Unfortunately, the possibilities to legalize the stay of a person who is staying in Poland without a valid residence document are very limited. Basing on the presented information, it seems that the only way for you to legalize your stay based on the fact that you work in Poland is to leave for your home country. If you do so, at the Polish border you will receive a decision obliging you to leave Poland, with a specified period during which you will be forbidden to enter Poland. The minimum period for which such a ban can be issued is 6 months, and the maximum is 5 years. If you comply with the decision obliging you to leave Poland in time, then you may file an application to the Chief of the Border Guard Department who issued the decision forbidding you to enter Poland to withdraw this decision. If no circumstances exist that would make the withdrawal of such decision impossible (such circumstances may, for example, consist in the fact that the foreigner constitutes a threat to the safety of Poland), then the Border Guard Service will withdraw the decision. The procedure of withdrawing the decision forbidding you to enter Poland may last from one to several months, depending on your individual situation. In the event the decision is withdrawn, you will be able to apply for a visa at the Polish consulate, e.g. based on employment. Then, after arriving in Poland with the visa, you will also be able to apply for a residence permit for a fixed period basing on your work.
If you decide to leave Poland, we encourage you to familiarise yourself with the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme->
What is considered a technical deficiency?
A technical deficiency is a situation in which the request is left unprocessed (i.e. The Voivode ship Office does not initiate procedures of issuing a decision in order to grant a residence card). If there are technical deficiencies in the application, the Voivode Office calls the resident to repair the formal defects within 7 days from the date of the summons to the office.
Note! If there are technical deficiencies in the application, the foreigner is not entitled to the stamp in the passport, which confirms the submission of documents, and which legalizes the foreigners stay, in a situation where the validity of the previous visa or residence card expires.
When Appling for a residence permit a technical deficiency is lack of:
- 4 copies of the completed application for a residence permit;
- 3 copies of identity document and original for inspection
- 4 recent photographs – instruction regarding photographs are available here->
- In case of applying for a temporary residence permit and work – labor market test (what is the labor market test?), if required.
Do students have a right to work in Poland?
Full-time students, regardless of whether they have a temporary residence permit or a visa, can work on Polish territory without having to obtain a work permit during the validity of their residence permit (visa or card).
The regulations do not give students of part-time studies (evening, extramural) the above rights. Therefore, if a foreign student is a part-time student in order for him to be able to work in Poland, his future employer will be required to obtain a work permit or register a declaration of intention to entrust a work to a foreigner (if the foreigner is a citizen of Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russian Federation or Ukraine) regardless of whether the foreigner has a visa or a residence card issued due to studying in Poland.
What is a declaration of intention to entrust a job to a foreigner?
More information on declaration of intention to entrust a job to a foreigner is available here ->
How to check if an employer exists?
Employer data can be checked in the REGION database (www.stat.gov.pl/regon/) or the KRS National Court Register database (www.krs-online.com.pl). If the employing entity is a Polish temporary employment agency, data can be found in the National Register of Employment Agencies (www.kraz.praca.gov.pl).
What documents confirm the fact of performing work if the employer is at fault for me not having a signed labor contract?
A labor contract is to be concluded in writing. If an employment contract has not been concluded in writing prior to the start of work, the employer must – not later than on the day of commencement of work by the employee – confirm in writing the details concerning the type of contract and its terms and conditions.
In the case a contract has been signed but has not been given to the employee, the employee may apply to a court to prove the existence of an employment relationship, or to prove that the employee actually has worked at a particular place of employment. Relevant evidence may be such documents as working documents signed by the employee, e-mails sent from a workplace inbox, phone calls, witness statements, etc.
In the case of an employer not signing a contract and not paying wages, you can pursue the matter in court and also by contacting the district labor inspector. District labor inspectors do not deal with complaints arising out of civil law contracts, however. Such complaints can be dealt with only by courts.
Contact details for District Labour Inspectorates are available here -> The National Labour Inspectorate offers free advice on labor law issues – telephone numbers are available here ->
Can I work in Denmark in the branch office of the same employer for whom I hold a work permit in Poland?
No, this is not possible. A work permit issued in Poland entitles you to work only on Polish territory. If a foreigner wants to work in Denmark, he or she must apply for a work permit in Denmark.
Does a foreigner who arrives in Poland from a country from outside the European Union via visa-free traffic have the right to work in Poland?
No. Citizens of countries from outside the European Union who are exempted from the visa obligation may stay in Poland for up to 3 months only for tourist purposes. This does not apply to entry for permanent residence in order to take up work or other gainful activity. A visa is required in the case of a stay exceeding three months or entry to obtain paid employment within Poland.
What to do if an employer fails to pay wages?
If a foreigner is employed on the basis of a labor contract and the employer fails to pay wages, he can file a complaint with the Chief Labour Inspectorate and/or with a labor court.
A foreigner working in Poland on the basis of civil law contracts (a contract of mandate or a contract for a specific task) can only submit a complaint to a labor court. When a person working on the basis of a civil law contract, in fact, has a de facto employment relationship (i.e. the work is performed in a place and time determined by the employer and under his direction), it is possible to file a lawsuit in a labor court to ascertain the employment relationship.
More information on employees’ rights is available here ->
I employ a foreigner who has a work permit in Poland. I would like to relegate him to a branch office abroad. Does he need to have a work permit in the country to which he is delegated?
As a rule, yes. A work permit issued in Poland authorizes a foreigner to work only in Poland. If a foreigner is to perform work in another country (even if it is a branch office of the Polish employer), he must have a work permit in that country. Some countries, however, allow delegated workers to perform work without the need for a work permit for a period not exceeding 30 days (as is the case in Poland). In any case, prior to delegating an employee, it is advisable to seek information in the country to which he is to be delegated.
I work in Poland on the basis of a declaration of intent to employ a foreigner. What do I do if I want to work longer than six months?
If an employer is interested in employing a foreigner for a period exceeding 6 months, after 3 months of work performed by the foreigner he may apply for a work permit. A work permit, in this case, is issued following a simplified procedure (a labor market test is not required). More information about work permits is available here->
I am a Ukrainian citizen and I have a permit to settle in Poland. Can I take up work in Germany?
A foreigner holding permanent residence in Poland can take up work only in Poland. To be able to work in Germany, a foreigner needs to obtain a work permit in that country.
In almost all EU countries, the first step to getting a work permit is finding an employer. The employer then applies for permission to employ a foreign employee. This permit is then the basis for obtaining a visa with the right to work.
I intend to employ a foreigner who is a national of Morocco and a spouse of a Polish national. The marriage has been concluded in Morocco. What should I do?
The very fact of concluding a marriage with a Polish national, whether in Poland or in Morocco, does not give a foreigner a right to take up employment in Poland. In order to be employed in Poland, a foreigner’s stay in Poland should be legal and he should have a work permit.
In principle, a foreigner who is married to a Polish national and holds a temporary residence permit in Poland, which has been granted on account of the marriage with a Polish national, is exempted from the obligation of having a work permit. If the sole grounds for the issuance of the permit were the marriage with a Polish national, then such a foreigner is exempted from the obligation of having a work permit and may be employed based on the same principles as a Polish national.
In the event a foreigner has a temporary residence permit issued on other grounds than those of marriage, he may need a work permit. The grounds for issuance of a residence permit are indicated in a positive decision of the Voivode issued to a foreigner prior to the issuance of a residence card (the decision cites the relevant provisions of the Foreigners Act).
Do foreigners from the non-EU Member States need a work permit in order to participate in internship or training programmes at Polish companies?
In general, if the internship or training in which you want to participate is paid (i.e. if you should receive any remuneration in return for participating in it), you need to obtain a work permit. Participation in an unpaid training or internship programme does not require a work permit.
If you are a full-time student and you are legally residing in Poland, you can participate in paid internships or apprenticeships without a work permit.
Do I need a work permit if I have a temporary residence card as a full-time student at a Polish university? Can I work based on a labor contract?
If you have a temporary residence permit for a fixed period that was issued on the basis of your enrolment in a full-time course of study in Poland, then you may work without a work permit throughout the validity period of your residence permit. This means that your future employer may employ you on the same terms that apply to polish citizens. The employer also has to sign a contract with you. Such a contract may be a labor contract but also a contract of mandate or a contract of commission. In the case of labor and mandate contracts, your employer is obliged to register you at the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) within 7 days of the moment of commencement of the performance of work. In the case of employment under a labor contract the employer should also comply with the provisions of labor law, including the time of work (e.g., as a rule, the time of work should not exceed 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week on the average), and the minimum wage – in 2018 it is PLN 2100 gross for full-time employment.
I hold a visa issued on the basis of a Pole's Card. I want to register a company in Poland. How can I do it?
Holders of a Pole’s Card and a visa issued on its basis have the right to take up and pursue commercial activity on these same terms as Polish citizens. An entrepreneur may undertake commercial activity on the date of submission of an application for registration in the Central Registration and Information on Business or after entry into the National Court Register (KRS) system. Entrepreneurs who are natural persons are subject to registration. Entrepreneurs have the right to indicate a date of commencement of business activity later than the date of the application’s submission in their application for entry in the Central Registration and Information on Business. An entrepreneur entered into the register of entrepreneurs or subject to other registration requirements is obliged to place its tax identification number (NIP) in all written statements and documentation concerning the company’s business activity addressed to certain persons and entities, and to use this number in all legal matters as well as in trading. Identification of individual entrepreneurs in official records is based on the tax identification number (NIP).
Can a citizen of Ukraine hold a category D national visa for work register a sole trader (one-person company) in Poland? What documents are needed?
No, it is not possible. This type of visa entitles a foreigner only to perform work in Poland.
A foreigner was granted a Polish visa on the basis of a work permit. Should the employer register the child for health insurance?
Generally, if a child has a visa, he will be covered by private health insurance, the purchase of which is mandatory when applying for a visa in the country of residence (the minimum value of insurance coverage is 30,000 euro). This insurance must be valid for the entire period of the child’s stay in Poland. It is therefore recommended that you purchase insurance from a reputable company that will indeed cover the costs of medical services if such need arises.
If a parent undertakes legal work (provided they hold a visa with work permit, perform the work at the workplace specified in the above documents for the specified position, have signed a contract and were registered by the employer with the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) within 7 days of commencing work), it should be remembered that each insured person is required to report family members residing in Poland to the insurer if they do not have health insurance under a different title (for example, if they do not work). Thus, in this case, the child may also be registered with the Social Insurance Institution (responsible for social security and collecting health insurance premiums). Registration for insurance consists of providing the employer with the personal data of family members using a special form.
I am staying in Poland on the basis of a visa, I have Ukrainian health insurance. Will I have to pay for my treatment or does my insurance cover the cost of treatment in Poland?
To find out about the procedure for covering the cost of treatment in Poland, please contact the Ukrainian insurer directly. In general, if a foreigner is insured in another country, the costs of treatment are refunded in the country of origin. This means that a foreigner in Poland has to pay for treatment himself, and after returning to his country, he has to apply to the insurance agency for reimbursement of the costs of treatment. In this case, it is important to keep documents confirming treatment in Poland, such as bills, invoices for a medical check-up or medical consultation, medical history
How to ensure a foreigner in Poland who are staying in Poland legally on the basis of a visa, but does not work and has no insurance?
In case a foreigner does not work in Poland and has no health insurance, he can be insured along with a member of his closest family who is employed in Poland. The application for insurance consists of providing personal data of members of the closest family to one’s employer. The employer should subsequently pass the data of the foreigner’s family member to the Social Security Institution (ZUS)
If a foreigner has no members of the closest family insured in Poland, he may voluntarily insure himself through the National Health Fund (NFZ). A foreigner may also purchase private health insurance in Poland. More information on health insurance is available here.
I have a Pole's Card. Can I receive social security benefits in Poland? How can I take out health insurance in Poland?
The Pole’s Card does not entitle the holder to social security benefits in Poland.
If you do not work or study in Poland and you are not insured through the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) on grounds of work or studies, then in order to be insured in Poland you have to take out a private health insurance policy at a private company or voluntarily register for insurance at the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS).
In order to register for insurance at ZUS voluntarily, it is required to apply to the National Health Fund (NFZ) at the NFZ office appropriate for your place of residence. The form is available at the office and on the website of the National Health Fund (NFZ) offices. Address information for NFZ offices are available here->
Information about the cost of health insurance premiums can be obtained at the local office of the National Health Fund(NFZ).
What is the legal status a foreign national must possess in order to buy property in Poland?
There is no legal status requirement a foreigner must meet in order to buy a “stand-alone residential premises”, or an apartment in Poland. This means that a foreigner who has a Polish visa, temporary residence permit, permanent residence permit or residence permit for EU long-term residents does not need the authorization to buy an apartment. No permission is also required for a foreigner who does not reside in Poland but still wants to buy an apartment on the Polish territory.
However, if a foreigner wants to purchase a house, he or she must obtain authorization of the Minister of Internal Affairs. Such official permission is not required for persons who have lived in Poland for at least five years from the issuance of the permit to settle or residence permit for EU long-term residents. An alien who is a spouse of a Polish citizen and has lived in Poland for at least 2 years after being issued a permit to settle or EU long-term resident permit, and who wants to purchase a house that will form a part of the community property of the spouses is also released from the obligation to obtain authorization of the Minister of Internal Affairs.
Nevertheless, an authorization by the Ministry of Internal Affairs is necessary for the purchase of real estate located in the border zone and for agricultural land with the surface area of more than 1 ha.
Can a foreigner obtain the right to reside in Poland if he or she purchases property for a sum exceeding certain value?
In general, it is not possible. Foreigners may apply for a temporary residence card if they prove that there are other (than those specified in the Act) important circumstances justifying their application for a permit and that these circumstances warrant the alien’s need to reside on the Polish territory for a period longer than 3 months. Accordingly, the application for a temporary permit can be explained by the fact that a person owns a property in Poland, lives in Poland and has tied their life with this country. Please note that the voivode ship office can always demand the presentation of additional documents proving the close ties with Poland. The final decision on permit issuance is made by the voivode, who assesses whether the ownership of real estate by a foreigner is a sufficient basis to grant him or her a residence permit.
I am a residence card holder. Can I buy a car and gift it to my son?
You may buy a car in Poland – there are no restrictions on car purchases by foreigners. You may also give your son the vehicle as a gift. In Poland, all gifts for closest family members, regardless of the value of the gift, are exempt from tax.
What is the procedure for registration of a new car purchased in Poland by a foreigner?
The matter is handled by the municipality.
The following documents are required:
– Application by the owner for registration of the vehicle;
– Proof of identity of the foreigner: the foreigner should be residing in Poland legally, must present a valid passport and proof of temporary residence (certificate of temporary residence address) in Poland (for inspection);
– Proof of ownership of the vehicle (proof of ownership is, in particular, one of the following: sales contract, contract of exchange, donation agreement, annuity contract, VAT invoice, final court decision ruling on the matter of vehicle ownership);
– Vehicle history card, if it was issued;
– An excerpt from the certificate of approval of the vehicle type or a copy of a decision exempting the vehicle from approval.
– Proof of payment (including identifying characteristics of the vehicle: VIN number or car body, chassis or frame numbers) in the amount of 500 PLN for each vehicle imported into Poland or a statement of being subject to the obligation to secure cooperation with a network of car dismantling and salvage companies if the vehicle is being registered for the first time; it should be borne in mind that:
– A statement of being subject to the obligation to secure cooperation with a network of car dismantling and salvage companies is issued only by the vehicle importer;
– The said declaration may be placed on the invoice.
– Proof of payment of stamp duty for the power of attorney, if it has been established.
In the case of a vehicle imported from the territory of an EU member state, one of the following documents should also be attached confirming:
– Payment of excise duty on the territory of the country from which the vehicle is imported;
– Proof of exemption from payment of excise duty on the territory of the country from which the vehicle is imported;
– A certificate stating the exemption from excise duty if the car was imported from the territory of an EU member state and is being registered for the first time;
– An invoice indicating the amount of excise duty.
Originals of the required accompanying documents should be submitted.
Documents written in a foreign language should be attached to the application, together with their translation into Polish by a sworn translator. The provision does not apply to a registration certificate issued by the competent authority of a member state, the Swiss Confederation or a Member State of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) – parties to the Agreement on the European Economic Area in the relevant scope containing codes used in this certificate.
The responsible entity: Bureau of Administration and Citizens’ Affairs of the City or Municipality Office.
Deadline for responses:
Without delay – in cases that do not require the collection of evidence, information or additional clarifications.
Up to 1 month – cases requiring investigation.
Up to 2 months – particularly complicated cases
Can a foreigner check whether he is entered in the SIS?
Every person is entitled to obtain exhaustive information concerning his personal data which are processed in databases.
A foreigner or an attorney appointed in a case may also apply to the Head of the Office for Foreigners for:
- providing information on the entering of personal data of a foreigner into the list or the Schengen Information System;
- correction of personal data entered into the list or in the Schengen Information System if he finds that they are incorrect;
- Deletion of his personal data from the list or the Schengen Information System if they were entered there in error.
The appointment of an attorney does not have to take the form of a notarial deed. It may be drafted by hand and it should include the name of the principal (i.e. the person appointing the attorney), a full address with the principal’s postal code, date and place of birth, the scope of activities which the attorney is authorized to act in, the address of the attorney residing in Poland, the number and name of the identity document a certified photocopy of which shall be attached to the application, the applicant’s signature. Sample proxies are available at http://www.udsc.gov.pl/WNIOSEK,DOTYCZACY,,INFORMACJI,Z,WYKAZU,1395.html
In order to obtain the above information, one should apply to the Head of the Office for Foreigners with a written request drafted in Polish, including:
– Full personal data: name, surname, previous surnames,
– Date of birth,
– Place of residence,
– The precisely specified request,
– Authentic signature.
A photocopy of an identity document can be attached to the application (e.g. passport).
Issuing a certificate is subject to the payment of stamp duty. The amount of the stamp duty is PLN 17.
Please send the documents to the following address:
Urząd do Spraw Cudzoziemców [Office for Foreigners]
Department Legalizacji Pobytu [Department for Legalization of Stay]
Wydział Wykazu Cudzoziemców [Division of Foreigners’ Register]
- Koszykowa 16
Or submit at the registry office in the premises of the Office at Koszykowa 16, between 8:15 a.m. and 4 p.m.
I am staying in Poland without a valid visa or a valid residence card. Can I legalize my stay in Poland based on the fact that I work here?
Unfortunately, the possibilities to legalize the stay of a person who is staying in Poland without a valid residence document are very limited. Basing on the presented information, it seems that the only way for you to legalize your stay based on the fact that you work in Poland is to leave for your home country. If you do so, at the Polish border you will receive a decision obliging you to leave Poland, with a specified period during which you will be forbidden to enter Poland. The minimum period for which such a ban can be issued is 6 months, and the maximum is 5 years. If you comply with the decision obliging you to leave Poland in time, then you may file an application to the Chief of the Border Guard Department who issued the decision forbidding you to enter Poland to withdraw this decision. If no circumstances exist that would make the withdrawal of the decision impossible (such circumstances may, for example, consist in the fact that the foreigner constitutes a threat to the safety of Poland), then the Border Guard Service will withdraw the decision. The procedure for withdrawal of the decision forbidding you to enter Poland may last from one to several months, depending on the individual situation of the given foreigner. In the event the decision is withdrawn, you will be able to apply for a visa at a Polish consulate. Then, after arriving in Poland pursuant to the visa, you will also be able to apply for a residence permit for a fixed period based on the performed work.
If you decide to leave Poland, we encourage you to familiarise yourself with the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme->
Can I apply for Polish citizenship based on my Pole's Card?
A Pole’s Card does not constitute a document that would entitle its holder to be granted Polish citizenship. If you possess this card, then you may apply for a permanent residence permit in Poland. In order to be able to obtain a permanent residence permit based on the possession of a Pole’s Card, you must file the following documents at the Voivode ship Office (Department of Foreigners):
- 4 copies of a completed application for the permit to settle (1 original and 3 photocopies); the application must be completed in Polish, in block letters or printed from a computer. The foreigner should sign the application by hand and enter their name and surname in Latin alphabet.
- 4 recent photographs;
- 3 photocopies of a valid passport (all pages containing annotations) and the original for visual inspection;
- proof of payment of stamp duty (PLN 640);
- the Pole’s Card
If you are granted a permanent residence permit in Poland and if you stay in Poland with an interruption for at least 3 years basing on the permanent residence permit, then you will be able to apply to be recognized as a Polish citizen, provided that you have documented confirmation of proficiency in the Polish language.
What documents should I file in the procedure of granting Polish citizenship by the President of Poland?
Individuals legally residing in Poland apply to the President of the Republic of Poland to be granted Polish citizenship through the Voivode appropriate for the place of residence of the individual in question. The following documents should be attached to the application:
- biometric photo, i.e. a current photo of the alien, not damaged, coloured, 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm, taken in the preceding 6 months;
- the original of a valid, i.e. not older than 3 months, the copy of the birth certificate issued by a Polish Civil Registry Office, containing the name and surname, date and place of birth, name, and surname of the father and name and maiden name of the mother,
- the original document confirming the marital status, issued by a Polish Civil Registry Office (e.g. a valid copy of the marriage certificate, a copy of the death certificate of the spouse),
- a copy of the temporary or permanent permit for residence in Poland or long-term EU-resident permit,
- a copy of a valid document confirming identity and citizenship (foreign passport, travel document, or an identity card of EU citizen),
- a copy of a valid document confirming the identity and citizenship of the applicant’s spouse (foreign passport, travel document, or an identity card of EU citizen),
- documents confirming the sources of subsistence of the foreigner,
- documents confirming career achievements (e.g. academic titles and degrees, creative works, publications, awards, completed projects),
- documents confirming conducted the political and social activity,
- possessed documents of parents and further ascendants if they were Polish citizens,
- possessed documents confirming the possession of Polish citizenship in the past, the loss thereof and the date of obtaining foreign citizenship,
- Additional documents that the applicant wishes to enclose (e.g. reference letters, children’s school certificates).
Does a child bear in Poland whose parents are not Polish citizens automatically acquire Polish citizenship?
A child born in Poland whose parents are foreigners (i.e. not holders of Polish citizenship) does not acquire Polish citizenship. The child acquires Polish citizenship only if at least one of the parents is a Polish citizen.
In case both parents are foreigners, a child born in Poland may obtain a temporary residence permit. An application for a temporary residence permit should be filed with the Voivode ship Administrative Office by the child’s parents.
I am a foreign national married to a Polish citizen. We live together abroad. Can I apply for Polish citizenship? What conditions do I have to meet to obtain it?
Entering into a marriage with a Polish citizen does not constitute a sufficient basis for obtaining Polish citizenship. In order to obtain such citizenship, a foreigner has to meet additional specific conditions concerning their legal and uninterrupted stay in Poland. A foreigner may be recognized as a Polish citizen if he remains married to a Polish citizen for a period of at least 3 years and has stayed in Poland legally and uninterruptedly for at least 2 years under a permanent residence permit, and their knowledge of Polish language is documented. However, in order to obtain a permanent residence permit in Poland, one has first to obtain a temporary residence permit based on marriage to a Polish citizen.
It is possible to obtain a permit for permanent or temporary residence in Poland, provided that you intend to reside in Poland and not in another country. You will not be able to obtain a temporary or permanent residence permit in Poland if you intend to live in a different country.
Polish citizenship may also be obtained in the course of the procedure of granting Polish citizenship by the President of the Republic of Poland. The decision of the President is not limited by any conditions that the foreigner should meet in order to be granted Polish citizenship. This means that the President may grant Polish citizenship to any foreigner, regardless of such conditions as the duration of his stay in Poland. It is worth noting that the procedure for granting Polish citizenship by the President may take quite long because the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Code do not apply to such cases. This means that even if it is possible to review the case based on the evidence presented by the applicant, it does not have to be considered immediately as in the case of recognizing a foreigner as a Polish citizen. Individuals applying for citizenship are obliged to substantiate their application and to provide important reasons why they should be granted Polish citizenship.
I would like to apply for a permanent residence permit based on my Polish heritage. When will I be able to apply for Polish citizenship?
If you are of Polish descent and you possess documents confirming this fact, then you may apply for a permanent residence permit based on your Polish descent. If you obtain a permanent residence permit, after 2 years of uninterrupted stay in Poland with the permanent residence permit you will be able to apply at the Voivode ship Office to be considered a Polish citizen. Another condition that you will have to meet in order to obtain Polish citizenship is documented proficiency in the Polish language.
The stay in Poland is considered uninterrupted if none of the breaks during the required two-year period exceed 6 months and the total duration of the breaks does not exceed 10 months.
In order to be able to be recognized as a Polish citizen, a foreigner is obliged to know the Polish language. Such proficiency has to be confirmed by a language skills certificate obtained as a result of passing the national examination, a certification of graduation from a school (e.g. primary, secondary or tertiary school) in Poland or a certificate of graduation from a school with classes conducted in the Polish language abroad.
Certificates confirming knowledge of the Polish language are issued by the State Commission for the Certification of Proficiency in Polish as a Foreign Language. At present, in order to obtain such certificate one must pass an examination organized by the Commission at the intermediate level (B1). The website of the Commission: http://certyfikatpolski.pl/
I am planning to apply to be recognized as a Polish citizen, based on my two-year legal and uninterrupted stay in Poland pursuant to a permit to settle.
How will the authorized institutions check whether my stay was uninterrupted? In the passport, I do not have stamps of entry and exit from Poland.
If you apply to be recognized as a Polish citizen based on 2 years of legal and uninterrupted stay in Poland pursuant to a permanent residence permit, “uninterrupted stay” means that during the 2 years preceding the filing of the application to be recognized as a Polish citizen you did not travel abroad for a single period exceeding 6 months and that the total duration of all journeys abroad during these two years did not exceed 10 months.
When you file the application to be recognized as a Polish citizen, you will also have to file a statement concerning the dates of leaving and returning to Poland and about the places you stayed abroad during the required periods of uninterrupted stay. If you do not remember the exact dates of leaving Poland, you may declare that you do not remember the specific dates and that you can only provide approximate dates.
In spite of filing the statement confirming your uninterrupted stay, the Voivode ship Office will still request the Border Guard Service to provide information about your entrances into and exits from Poland. If you cross the Schengen Area border, the National Border Guard Service records the dates of entering and leaving, although you do not receive a stamp in your passport. If the Voivode ship Office receives information stating that your stay abroad exceeded 10 months, then the decision on recognizing you as a Polish citizen may be negative.
I am a Polish citizen, but my son was born abroad. How can I obtain Polish citizenship for my child?
If at least one of a child’s parents is a Polish citizen, the child obtains Polish citizenship regardless of his place of birth. In order to confirm your son’s Polish citizenship, you have to register his foreign birth certificate at the local Civil Registry Office at your last place of residence in Poland. It is possible to register a foreign birth certificate directly at the Civil Registry Office in Poland, but you may also register it via the Polish consulate abroad. The waiting time for the issuance of a Polish copy of the birth certificate at the consulate is much longer than in the case of registration directly at the Civil Registry Office.
Below is a list of documents required for the registration of a foreign birth certificate that has to be filed at the Civil Registry Office?
- Original of the foreign transcript of the certificate, issued by a competent authority.
- Translation of the document into Polish by a sworn translator or a Polish consul.
- Application to the Head of the Civil Registry Office for registration of a foreign certificate in Polish civil registry office records.
- Proof of payment of stamp duty (PLN 50);
The procedure for registration of a foreign birth certificate at the Polish Civil Registry Office lasts from 1 to 30 days.
I am a Polish citizen. Can my husband study in Poland on the same terms as Polish citizens?
The possibility to enroll in a programmed of university study in Poland on the same terms as Polish citizens depends on the document entitling the foreigner to reside in Poland. If your husband is staying in Poland based on a visa or a temporary residence card, he does not have the right to study in Poland free of charge. Only foreigners who have a permanent residence permit in Poland or long-term EU resident permit may study on the same terms as Polish citizens (including the right to enroll in a university programme at public academic institutions free of charge). Foreigners who do not have the right to reside permanently in Poland (including spouses of Polish citizens who are staying in Poland based on a visa or a temporary residence permit) may undertake studies in Poland on a for-fee basis. The rector of the academic institution may, upon a justified request of the foreigner, lower the tuition fee or exempt the applicant from payments.
I have a permanent residence permit and I am studying in Poland. I know that I can study in Poland on the same terms as apply to polish citizens.
Foreigners residing in Poland based on a permanent residence permit may enroll at university in Poland on the same terms as Polish citizens (including studying free of charge). Foreigners who have the right to start studies on the same terms as Polish citizens are entitled to apply for grants or scholarships paid from the state budget. However, a permanent residence permit does not automatically give you the right to receive grants or scholarships in Poland. In order to receive such benefits, a foreigner has to meet specific requirements, as do polish citizens. Generally, there are two types of financial aid for students – grants and scholarships. Scholarships are awarded to students based on their average grades, while grants are awarded to students in financial difficulty. In order to find out whether you meet the conditions required to receive a grant or scholarship, please contact the academic institution where you are studying.
I live in Poland and hold a permanent residence permit. Can my wife, who is a foreign national, live with me in Poland?
The wife of a foreigner residing in Poland based on a permanent residence permit may apply in Poland for a temporary residence permit for the purposes of family reunification (in this case – to reunite with her husband). In order for your wife to be able to legalize her stay in Poland based on your marriage, the marriage must be considered valid under Polish law. This means that if the marriage was entered into abroad, the foreign marriage certificate has to be registered at the Polish Registry Office. More information about recognition of a foreign marriage can be found at http://migrant.info.pl/marriage-to-a-polish-citizen.html